Halakhah QuizJewish authorities have produced over time a major body of legal texts, governing nearly every aspect of Jewish practice--or Halakhah. How much do you know about Jewish law and its foundational texts?
Question 1. Which movement attempted to claim the Vilna Gaon as an ancestor?
Question 2. What is the central difference between the code of law written by Joseph Caro, and the gloss to that code written by Moshe Isserles?
On nearly every matter of practice, Caro is more strict than Isserles
Caro did not cite sources, Isserles did
Caro was considered one of the Geonim, Isserles was considered a medieval halakhic authority
Caro wrote for Sephardic communities, Isserles presented the positions of Ashkenazic authorities
Question 3. Who was Rabbi Moshe Feinstein?
Author of a collection of halakhic responsa
An Orthodox legal authority who advocated a strict stance vis-a-vis non-Orthodox Judaism
The foremost 20th century authority on Jewish law
All of these
Question 4. Which of the following compilers of halakhah was careful to cite the sources in his work?
Maimonides (Mishneh Torah)
Rabbi Moshe Feinstein (Igrot Moshe)
Joseph di Trani (Maharit)
Yehiel Mekhel Epstein (Arukh HaShulhan)
Question 5. What is the Mishneh Torah?
The oral commentary to the Torah, relating additional stories and laws
The written commentary to the Torah, relating additional stories and laws
A summary of laws relating to all areas of Jewish life, composed by Maimonides
A tool of interpretation which assumes that every word, letter, and even stroke of the pen in the Torah has meaning
Question 6. Which 17th-century rabbi helped define halakhot about how Sephardic and Ashkenazic rabbis may react with each other?
Joseph di Trani
Zvi Hirsch Ashkenazi
Yom Tob Algazi
Question 7. What does Shulhan Arukh literally mean?
The Guided Learning
The Codex Judaicus
The Final Word
The Set Table