Jewish Business Ethics QuizSince the Torah forbade theft, Jews have struggled with how to approach more complicated issues like price regulation, Internet privacy, and globalization. How much do you know about Jewish business ethics?
Question 1. What does marit ayin refer to?
Breaking a minor law
Giving the appearance of wrongdoing
Praying for great wealth
Stealing food that nobody will miss
Question 2. What is the Hebrew term that describes the sale of an item at an excessively high or low price?
Averah (literally, "forbidden")
Tamei (literally, "impure")
Kesher (literally, "connection")
Ona'ah (literally, "oppression")
Question 3. Which of the following does Greco-Jewish philosopher Philo prohibit under "do not covet"?
Greed for money
Hunger for honor
All of these
Question 4. Does the Jewish legal tradition distinguish between fair and unfair competition?
Question 5. Does the Torah provide laws about treating day laborers and physical workers fairly?
Question 6. What is one of the most problematic aspects of Jews working in the field of banking?
A Jew is not allowed to charge another Jew interest
All the Talmudic laws only refer to Israeli currency
In the Middle Ages, Jews were only allowed to do business with other Jews
Contemporary banking deals with products as well as raw money
Question 7. In the Talmud, what is robbing a person of even a penny comparable to?
Claiming his or her food for Shabbat
Taking his or her life
Abducting his or her children
Eating out of his or her home pantry
Question 8. To what do the rabbis relate the biblical phrase about "placing a stumbling block before the blind"?
Caring for the physically handicapped
Contributing to another person's transgression
Being considerate with our possessions
All of these
None of these
Question 9. According to an adage in Pirkei Avot (Ethics of our Fathers), who is wealthy?
One who always has elegant food for Shabbat
One who knows what the future holds
One who has the respect of the community
One who is happy with his lot