Thinkers & Thought QuizA wide cast of intellectuals devoted their lives to defining what Judaism meant to them, and what it should mean to others. How much do you know about these thinkers and their philosophies?
Question 1. Saadiah Gaon wrote a translation of the Bible in what language?
Question 2. In Jerusalem, or On Religious Power and Judaism, Moses Mendelssohn argued that
Jews should move to Israel
Judaism is constant with values of the Enlightenment
Judaism was all but dead
Jews should convert to Christianity
Question 3. Hellenistic Jewish literature is dominated by which figure?
Question 4. What is syncretism?
A unanimous decision in the Talmud
A tradition that is accepted both by Ashkenazic and Sephardic rabbis
A negative commandment
None of the above
Question 5. Which of these Jewish thinkers lived most recently?
Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson
Question 6. Which of these thinkers was involved in the Civil Rights Movement in the United States?
Abraham Joshua Heschel
Question 7. What is rationalism?
Rationalism is the attitude in which religious faith has to justify itself at the bar of reason before it can be accepted.
Rationalism is the attitude that logic is at the base of all of Godís actions.
Rationalism is the attitude in which rational actions are examined and proved to be ultimately hypocritical.
Rationalism is the intensely personal philosophy in which the individual responds not to a philosophical system, which she surveys from the outside, but to what is true for her.
Question 8. How does Judah Halevi distinguish the Jewish revelation story from Islam and Christianity's stories of revelation?
Judaism doesn't believe in a literal revelation
Judaism's revelation was on a mountain
Judaism's was revealed to 600,000 people and not one person
None of the above
Question 9. Leo Baeck's The Essence of Judaism was written in response to
Adolf von Harnack's Essence of Christianity
Baruch Spinoza's Tractatus Theologico Politicus
Franz Rosenzweig's The Star of Redemption
Martin Buber's For the Sake of Heaven
Question 10. A main goal of medieval Jewish thinkers was to reconcile Jewish thought with what philosophy?