Suffering & Evil QuizJewish thinkers throughout the ages have asked: Why do bad things happen to good people?
Question 1. What was the reaction of the Jewish philosophical community in the first 20 years following the Holocaust?
That the state of affairs in the world created the evil of the Holocaust
That the Holocaust was not itself evil--what was problematic was the human desire for cruelty
There was no forceful reaction--nobody knew how to deal with the Holocaust
That the Holocaust was, in some way, indirectly the fault of the victims
Question 2. How does Process Theology understand the Holocaust?
It posits that God had no role in the Holocaust; that it was all human beings
It rethinks traditional notions of a beneficent and providential God
It rejects the idea of God in the first place
It suggests that God's role was to save those who survived the Holocaust
Question 3. True or false: The concept of reward and punishment is the Torah's explanation for the existence of suffering.
Question 4. True or false: In traditional Jewish thought, Satan does not exist.
Question 5. According to Judaism, why do bad things happen to good people?
We cannot know
The people suffering might seem "good" but they are in fact being punished for sins they committed
Those who suffer now will be rewarded in the afterlife
Jewish thinkers have advanced all of these answers
Question 6. What did Abraham Isaac Kook think about the relationship between God and evil?
That evil was the opposite of God
That evil did not exist
That, for some reason, God created the force of evil
That one day God would destroy all evil in the world
Question 7. In Reeve Robert Brenner's study documenting Holocaust survivors' faith in God, what results were found?
Survivors were far more likely to believe in God
Survivors were far less likely to believe in God
The Holocaust did not extremely affect survivors' belief in God
Question 8. What do traditional Jewish sources teach about Hell?
There is no afterlife in Judaism
There is a heaven and a hell, similar to the Christian division
There is an incorporeal "middle ground" called Gehennom, or purgatory
There is an afterlife, but only for good people
Question 9. True or false: For Jews, the problem of suffering is twofold, including a universal problem and a particular problem.
Question 10. Who is credited with beginning the post-Holocaust theological discussion in the West?
President Harry S. Truman
None of these