Suffering & Evil QuizJewish thinkers throughout the ages have asked: Why do bad things happen to good people?
Question 1. What did Abraham Isaac Kook think about the relationship between God and evil?
That evil was the opposite of God
That evil did not exist
That, for some reason, God created the force of evil
That one day God would destroy all evil in the world
Question 2. What was the reaction of the Jewish philosophical community in the first 20 years following the Holocaust?
That the state of affairs in the world created the evil of the Holocaust
That the Holocaust was not itself evil--what was problematic was the human desire for cruelty
There was no forceful reaction--nobody knew how to deal with the Holocaust
That the Holocaust was, in some way, indirectly the fault of the victims
Question 3. What do traditional Jewish sources teach about Hell?
There is no afterlife in Judaism
There is a heaven and a hell, similar to the Christian division
There is an incorporeal "middle ground" called Gehennom, or purgatory
There is an afterlife, but only for good people
Question 4. Who said that "in strict covenant theology, there can be no innocent sufferers"?
Question 5. According to Saadiah Gaon, which of these is not a purpose of human suffering?
None of the above
Question 6. How does the Bahir, the earliest kabbalistic work, describe the sefirah (Godís emanation) of "power"?
"The penitential sefirah"
"That which has the name of evil"
"The sefirah of Satan"
"The compassionate one"
Question 7. How does Process Theology understand the Holocaust?
It posits that God had no role in the Holocaust; that it was all human beings
It rethinks traditional notions of a beneficent and providential God
It rejects the idea of God in the first place
It suggests that God's role was to save those who survived the Holocaust
Question 8. The problem of suffering and evil took on an unprecedented role in Jewish thought after what event?
The giving of the Ten Commandments
The editing of the Mishnah
The Protestant reformation
Question 9. What is karet?
When a particular sin is punishable by death
The biblical penalty of being "cut off from the people"
A certain kind of justice meted out in biblical courts
The term for one who has been sentenced to death but has not yet been executed
Question 10. Who is credited with beginning the post-Holocaust theological discussion in the West?
President Harry S. Truman
None of these