Suffering & Evil QuizJewish thinkers throughout the ages have asked: Why do bad things happen to good people?
Question 1. Who said that "in strict covenant theology, there can be no innocent sufferers"?
Question 2. What is Berkovits and Cohen's “Free Will Defense" argument about the source of evil and suffering?
Human evil is the necessary and ever present possibility entailed by the reality of human freedom
Because humans have free will, nothing is truly evil
Because free will does not exist, God is culpable for all sins
Humans have too much freedom, and only religion may restrict it
Question 3. Who is credited with beginning the post-Holocaust theological discussion in the West?
President Harry S. Truman
None of these
Question 4. How does Process Theology understand the Holocaust?
It posits that God had no role in the Holocaust; that it was all human beings
It rethinks traditional notions of a beneficent and providential God
It rejects the idea of God in the first place
It suggests that God's role was to save those who survived the Holocaust
Question 5. Which of these offenses was not penalized by karet?
Failing to be circumcised
Eating leaven on Passover
Question 6. True or false: In traditional Jewish thought, Satan does not exist.
Question 7. True or false: For Jews, the problem of suffering is twofold, including a universal problem and a particular problem.
Question 8. The phrase "freedom is a two-edged sword" is most characteristic of which Jewish philosophy?
The Free Will Defense
None of these
Question 9. Who called evil "the most difficult matter…with which scholars of all ages, people and tongues have struggled"?
Rabbi Harold Kushner
Question 10. Does Judaism believe in a system of reward and punishment, according to the Bible?
It does not explicitly say in the Bible