Suffering & Evil QuizJewish thinkers throughout the ages have asked: Why do bad things happen to good people?
Question 1. True or false: The concept of reward and punishment is the Torah's explanation for the existence of suffering.
Question 2. What is the name for the vindication of Godís justice despite the existence of evil?
Deus ex machina
Question 3. The problem of suffering and evil took on an unprecedented role in Jewish thought after what event?
The giving of the Ten Commandments
The editing of the Mishnah
The Protestant reformation
Question 4. Which of these offenses was not penalized by karet?
Failing to be circumcised
Eating leaven on Passover
Question 5. What was the reaction of the Jewish philosophical community in the first 20 years following the Holocaust?
That the state of affairs in the world created the evil of the Holocaust
That the Holocaust was not itself evil--what was problematic was the human desire for cruelty
There was no forceful reaction--nobody knew how to deal with the Holocaust
That the Holocaust was, in some way, indirectly the fault of the victims
Question 6. Why is the question of suffering and evil unique among theological and philosophical problems?
It confronts us almost daily
Jewish history is replete with tragedy, both individual and communal
The Holocaust significantly impacted the discourse around this problem
All of the above
Question 7. How does Process Theology understand the Holocaust?
It posits that God had no role in the Holocaust; that it was all human beings
It rethinks traditional notions of a beneficent and providential God
It rejects the idea of God in the first place
It suggests that God's role was to save those who survived the Holocaust
Question 8. What do traditional Jewish sources teach about Hell?
There is no afterlife in Judaism
There is a heaven and a hell, similar to the Christian division
There is an incorporeal "middle ground" called Gehennom, or purgatory
There is an afterlife, but only for good people
Question 9. Who wrote the book When Bad Things Happen to Good People?
Rabbi Louis Jacobs
Rabbi Harold Kushner
Question 10. Who is credited with beginning the post-Holocaust theological discussion in the West?
President Harry S. Truman
None of these