My Jewish Learning

Suffering & Evil Quiz

Jewish thinkers throughout the ages have asked: Why do bad things happen to good people?



Question 1. Who said that "in strict covenant theology, there can be no innocent sufferers"?
 Richard Rubenstein
 Elie Wiesel
 Shimon Peres
 Viktor Frankl

 

Question 2. What is Berkovits and Cohen's “Free Will Defense" argument about the source of evil and suffering?
 Human evil is the necessary and ever present possibility entailed by the reality of human freedom
 Because humans have free will, nothing is truly evil
 Because free will does not exist, God is culpable for all sins
 Humans have too much freedom, and only religion may restrict it

 

Question 3. Who is credited with beginning the post-Holocaust theological discussion in the West?
 Elie Wiesel
 Emmanuel Levinas
 Martin Buber
 President Harry S. Truman
 None of these

 

Question 4. How does Process Theology understand the Holocaust?
 It posits that God had no role in the Holocaust; that it was all human beings
 It rethinks traditional notions of a beneficent and providential God
 It rejects the idea of God in the first place
 It suggests that God's role was to save those who survived the Holocaust

 

Question 5. Which of these offenses was not penalized by karet?
 Failing to be circumcised
 Eating leaven on Passover
 Committing incest
 Murder

 

Question 6. True or false: In traditional Jewish thought, Satan does not exist.
 True
 False

 

Question 7. True or false: For Jews, the problem of suffering is twofold, including a universal problem and a particular problem.
 True
 False

 

Question 8. The phrase "freedom is a two-edged sword" is most characteristic of which Jewish philosophy?
 Hasidism
 Haskalah
 Process Theology
 The Free Will Defense
 None of these

 

Question 9. Who called evil "the most difficult matter…with which scholars of all ages, people and tongues have struggled"?
 Rashi
 Maimonides
 Nachmanides
 Rabbi Harold Kushner
 Moses

 

Question 10. Does Judaism believe in a system of reward and punishment, according to the Bible?
 Yes
 No
 It does not explicitly say in the Bible