Suffering & Evil QuizJewish thinkers throughout the ages have asked: Why do bad things happen to good people?
Question 1. The phrase "freedom is a two-edged sword" is most characteristic of which Jewish philosophy?
The Free Will Defense
None of these
Question 2. According to Judaism, why do bad things happen to good people?
We cannot know
The people suffering might seem "good" but they are in fact being punished for sins they committed
Those who suffer now will be rewarded in the afterlife
Jewish thinkers have advanced all of these answers
Question 3. How does Process Theology understand the Holocaust?
It posits that God had no role in the Holocaust; that it was all human beings
It rethinks traditional notions of a beneficent and providential God
It rejects the idea of God in the first place
It suggests that God's role was to save those who survived the Holocaust
Question 4. Which of the following claims did Maimonides deny in his philosophical writings?
God is perfectly good
God is all-powerful
God is all-knowing
Evil is real
Question 5. How does the Bahir, the earliest kabbalistic work, describe the sefirah (Godís emanation) of "power"?
"The penitential sefirah"
"That which has the name of evil"
"The sefirah of Satan"
"The compassionate one"
Question 6. In Reeve Robert Brenner's study documenting Holocaust survivors' faith in God, what results were found?
Survivors were far more likely to believe in God
Survivors were far less likely to believe in God
The Holocaust did not extremely affect survivors' belief in God
Question 7. Which of these offenses was not penalized by karet?
Failing to be circumcised
Eating leaven on Passover
Question 8. What do traditional Jewish sources teach about Hell?
There is no afterlife in Judaism
There is a heaven and a hell, similar to the Christian division
There is an incorporeal "middle ground" called Gehennom, or purgatory
There is an afterlife, but only for good people
Question 9. According to the Book of Ezekiel, can someone be punished for the deeds of his or her ancestors?
Question 10. What did Abraham Isaac Kook think about the relationship between God and evil?
That evil was the opposite of God
That evil did not exist
That, for some reason, God created the force of evil
That one day God would destroy all evil in the world