My Jewish Learning

Free Will Quiz

The paradox of human free will and God's infinite knowledge and power has troubled Jewish thinkers at every point in Jewish history. How much do you know about this debate?

Question 1. What does the term hashgahah mean?
 Divine providence
 Free Will


Question 2. True or false: The Bible has examples of God announcing predetermined events and interfering with individual choices.


Question 3. Which of these problems concerned medieval philosophers?
 How to reconcile free will and divine providence
 How to reconcile free will and divine foreknowledge
 How to ensure that human beings experience the feeling of freedom
 A & B only
 All of the above


Question 4. Elliot Dorff, a Conservative rabbi and theologian, has used arguments about genetic predeterminism and free will to respond to what issue?
 Rights for Homosexuals
 Freedom of speech


Question 5. Many kabbalists believe that God's providence does not extend to which of the following?
 Hasidic Jews
 People who do not study Kabbalah


Question 6. Which of the following thinkers posited that having free choice is not as good a state as doing right automatically?
 Hasdai Crescas
 Ibn Ezra


Question 7. Which of the following did not have his/their heart(s) hardened by God?
 The Moabite king Sihon
 The army of Canaan