War & Peace QuizPeace is one of Judaism's most revered concepts. And yet Jewish tradition assumes that war is inevitable. How much do you know about the Jewish ethics and laws of combat?
Question 1. In the Mishnah, the rabbis describe a category of "commanded wars" that are to be fought against whom?
The seven nations of Canaan
A & B only
All of these
Question 2. According to the Torah, what did Amalek do to deserve the scorn of the Israelites?
They tried to assassinate Moses
They attacked the weakest members of the Israelites
They stole all of the Israelites' food
They burnt down the First Temple
Question 3. Complete this quote from the Talmud: "If someone comes to kill you_________"
Welcome him with open arms
Get up early in the morning to kill him first
Reason with him as best you can
Save yourself by hiding from him
Question 4. According to the Book of Samuel, the commandment to erase the nation of Amalek extends to
All of the above
Question 5. According to Deuteronomy, what must an Israelite army do prior to attacking an enemy?
All of these
Question 6. What kind of war does the Talmud prohibit?
War with any nation other than Amalek
War where the casualty rate will be more than one sixth of the population
War where the casualty rate will be more than one tenth of the population
Question 7. Which of these sages refers to "obligatory war" as a positive commandment?
Question 8. What is Maimonides' principle for how to lay siege on a city?
Provide food and water for its inhabitants
Surround it on only three out of four sides, so civilians who wish to flee may do so
Kill anyone who tries to escape
Cut down all fruit-bearing trees in the area
Question 9. True or false: In Judaism, peace is an eschatological dream, not a goal for the here-and-now.
Question 10. True or False: According to Jewish law, communal self-defense and personal self-defense are the same thing, with the same rules.