My Jewish Learning

War & Peace Quiz

Peace is one of Judaism's most revered concepts. And yet Jewish tradition assumes that war is inevitable. How much do you know about the Jewish ethics and laws of combat?



Question 1. The Hebrew name for the Israeli army is
 Tzahal—Tzavah haganah l’yisrael
 Nili—Netzah Yisrael Lo Yishaker
 Irgun
 Hashomer

 

Question 2. The Hebrew word shalom means "hello" and "goodbye" and what else?
 War
 Peace
 Love
 Anger

 

Question 3. According to Jewish law, when besieging a city the invading army must:
 Walk around the city while blowing shofars
 Allow the people inside to keep getting the animals they need for animal sacrifices
 Leave one side of the city open so people may flee
 Be sure to kill everyone inside, including all cattle and livestock

 

Question 4. Which of the following people was an Israeli prisoner of war in Gaza?
 Gilad Shalit
 Yonatan Netanyahu
 Natan Sharansky
 David Broza

 

Question 5. Which of the following countries did not declare war on Israel after Israel was declared a state in 1948?
 Egypt
 Turkey
 Iraq
 Jordan

 

Question 6. True or false: A great deal of Jewish law focuses on the issue of attacking non-combatants.
 True
 False

 

Question 7. What kind of war does the Talmud prohibit?
 Nuclear war
 War with any nation other than Amalek
 War where the casualty rate will be more than one sixth of the population
 War where the casualty rate will be more than one tenth of the population

 

Question 8. According to Rabbi Joshua ben Korha, the concept of peace is in direct opposition to what?
 Hatred
 Racism
 Family
 Justice

 

Question 9. According to the Torah, what did Amalek do to deserve the scorn of the Israelites?
 They tried to assassinate Moses
 They attacked the weakest members of the Israelites
 They stole all of the Israelites' food
 They burnt down the First Temple

 

Question 10. Which of these wars started with Israeli pre-emptive attacks?
 The War of Independence
 The Six-Day War
 The Yom Kippur War
 All of these
 None of these