My Jewish Learning

Jews & Non-Jews Quiz

Today, Jews are in dialogue and cooperation with other religions, even rethinking the definitions of Jewishness and chosenness. But what do you know about the history of the relationship between Jews and non-Jews?

Question 1. True or false: Jewish tradition holds that a special covenant between God and Noah established moral precepts for non-Jews.


Question 2. True or false: In the Middle Ages, the position solidified among Jewish scholars that Islam was not idolatry.


Question 3. Why did the rabbis forbid drinking wine prepared by Gentiles?
 Because drunkenness is a vice
 Because gentiles in the Middle Ages used to poison wine that they gave to Jews
 Because gentiles might have used their wine in idolatrous libations
 All of the above


Question 4. Why did rabbis in the Talmud often temper restrictive laws that separated Jews from non-Jews?
 Because they recognized that Jews could learn a lot from non-Jewish beliefs and practices
 Because the reality was that Jews and non-Jews were intermarrying, so they needed to make some concessions
 Because they began to redefine idolatry, and they stopped considering certain religions idolatrous
 Because they wanted to maintain positive relations with non-Jews, and avoid negative associations with Judaism


Question 5. How have different Jewish thinkers approached the concept of Jewish chosenness?
 By positing that the relationship between God and the Jews was established by the covenant at Sinai and is dependent upon Jewish obedience
 By suggesting that Jewish people have unique, inherent qualities that make them chosen
 By rejecting the concept altogether
 All of the above


Question 6. In which period did mass amounts of non-Jews convert to Judaism?
 Just after the Bar Kokhba Rebellion
 The Second Temple period
 The years following the Holocaust
 Just after the founding of the State of Israel


Question 7. What is the literal translation of the oft-debated word in the Book of Isaiah, which Christians believe predicts Jesus' birth?
 "Virgin" or "young woman"
 "Lord" or "master of the property"
 "King" or "messiah"
 None of these