My Jewish Learning

Jewish Gender & Feminism Quiz

Even as Jewish women have attained ritual and leadership opportunities formerly restricted to them, the history of female exclusion in Judaism continues to linger. How much do you know about gender issues in the Jewish past and present?

Question 1. True or false: In medieval mystical theology, all of God's ten attributes are female.


Question 2. True or false: The mystics conceive of the relationship between God and the Jewish people in sexual terms, with God as male and the Jewish people as female.


Question 3. How does the Book of Genesis describe the creation of woman?
 Man and woman are created together from the dust of the earth
 Man is created first, and woman is a secondary creation
 Woman is created first, and man is a secondary creation
 A & B only
 All of these


Question 4. Which of the following was NOT included in the "Call for Change" issued by the women of the Ezrat Nashim movement ing the 1970s?
 Counting women in the minyan
 Equalizing rights in marriage and divorce laws
 Exemption from certain mitzvot deemed inappropriate for women
 Leadership positions in the synagogue as rabbis and cantors


Question 5. True or false: In the Bible, women are sometimes presented as equal to men, and sometimes as subordinate.


Question 6. True or false: Throughout Jewish history, only men had the obligation to say the Kaddish


Question 7. Under Jewish law, an agunah, or "chained woman" whose husband deserts her, is missing, or refuses to grant a divorce, is:
 Supposed to fast until he returns
 Not allowed to remarry
 Forced to marry her husband's brother
 Required to go in a mikveh before remarrying