Jewish Gender & Feminism QuizEven as Jewish women have attained ritual and leadership opportunities formerly restricted to them, the history of female exclusion in Judaism continues to linger. How much do you know about gender issues in the Jewish past and present?
Question 1. Historically, how did Jewish women celebrate the appearance of a new moon?
Performing ritual dances outside
Immersing in a mikveh
Refraining from sewing, spinning, weaving or doing any needlework
Question 2. What are Orthodox women's tefillah groups?
Groups of women who wish to maximize their participation in communal prayer while remaining within the parameters of Orthodox law
Groups of women who are studying to be cantors in Orthodox synagogues
Support groups for Orthodox women who have been physically or verbally abused within their community
Outreach groups that attempt to convert Reform and Conservative women to Orthodoxy
Question 3. As a general rule, women are exempted from what commandments, according to rabbinic Judaism?
Positive time-bound commandments, like fixed prayer
Commandments related to the Temple, like animal sacrifice
Negative commandments, like the prohibition to covet
All commandments except those that relate to marriage and child-rearing
Question 4. Which of these is a famous Orthodox feminist?
Question 5. Who was the first female rabbi in America?
Sandy Eisenberg Sasso
Question 6. Which publication aims "to foster discussion of Jewish women's issues... and to give women greater choice in Jewish life"?
N'shei Chabad Newsletter
Question 7. Which of the following is a quote from Golda Meir?
"The State of Israel will maintain equal social and political rights for all citizens, irrespective of religion, race, or sex."
"I will fight for the rights of my daughters, and my daughters' daughters."
"The impact of gender on Judaism is not a women's issue; it is an issue for everyone who seeks to understand Judaism."
"Women's liberation is just a lot of foolishness. It's the men who are discriminated against. They can't bear children. And no one's likely to do anything about that."