My Jewish Learning

Jewish Gender & Feminism Quiz

Even as Jewish women have attained ritual and leadership opportunities formerly restricted to them, the history of female exclusion in Judaism continues to linger. How much do you know about gender issues in the Jewish past and present?

Question 1. Which of these is not a para-rabbinic role assumed by women in the Modern Orthodox community?
 Advisor on the laws of ritual purity
 Advocate for women seeking a Jewish divorce
 Spiritual mentor in a synagogue


Question 2. Who sparked Second Wave feminism with the 1963 publication of The Feminine Mystique?
 Judy Chicago
 Betty Friedan
 Alix Kates Shulman
 Alice Wolfson


Question 3. When were the first synagogue sisterhoods founded by rabbis?


Question 4. Which of the following was NOT included in the "Call for Change" issued by the women of the Ezrat Nashim movement ing the 1970s?
 Counting women in the minyan
 Equalizing rights in marriage and divorce laws
 Exemption from certain mitzvot deemed inappropriate for women
 Leadership positions in the synagogue as rabbis and cantors


Question 5. Which of these is a feminine name for God?
 El Shaddai


Question 6. What was life like for Jewish women in the Middle Ages?
 In Muslim lands women tended to be more sheltered than in Christian areas
 In Christian lands women tended to be more sheltered than in Muslim areas
 In both Muslim and Christian lands Jewish women enjoyed tremendous upward mobility
 In both Muslim and Christian lands Jewish women lived circumscribed lives, but were allowed to initiate divorce


Question 7. Which of these is not an available source of information about Jewish women's lives in the Middle Ages?
 Responsa literature
 Betrothal and marriage contracts
 Women's published autobiographies
 Business correspondences
 Divorce contracts