Jewish Gender & Feminism QuizEven as Jewish women have attained ritual and leadership opportunities formerly restricted to them, the history of female exclusion in Judaism continues to linger. How much do you know about gender issues in the Jewish past and present?
Question 1. Which of these is a feminine name for God?
Question 2. Under Jewish law, an agunah, or "chained woman" whose husband deserts her, is missing, or refuses to grant a divorce, is:
Supposed to fast until he returns
Not allowed to remarry
Forced to marry her husband's brother
Required to go in a mikveh before remarrying
Question 3. Which of the following was NOT included in the "Call for Change" issued by the women of the Ezrat Nashim movement ing the 1970s?
Counting women in the minyan
Equalizing rights in marriage and divorce laws
Exemption from certain mitzvot deemed inappropriate for women
Leadership positions in the synagogue as rabbis and cantors
Question 4. As a general rule, women are exempted from what commandments, according to rabbinic Judaism?
Positive time-bound commandments, like fixed prayer
Commandments related to the Temple, like animal sacrifice
Negative commandments, like the prohibition to covet
All commandments except those that relate to marriage and child-rearing
Question 5. Which of these is not a para-rabbinic role assumed by women in the Modern Orthodox community?
Advisor on the laws of ritual purity
Advocate for women seeking a Jewish divorce
Spiritual mentor in a synagogue
Question 6. In 1975, the Reform movement introduced what concept in its new prayer book Gates of Prayer?
Gender inclusive language
God as a woman
Including the names of the matriarchs along with those of the patriarchs in a central section of the prayers
Annotated prayers with feminist analysis
Question 7. When were the first synagogue sisterhoods founded by rabbis?