Jewish Bioethics QuizWhen Jewish thinkers consider issues like euthanasia, abortion, and organ donation, they articulate diverse positions on the relationship between Jewish law, Jewish ethics, and secular ethics. How much do you know about Jewish bioethics?
Question 1. According to the Talmud, when does a soul enter a baby's body?
After the first trimester
When the child first answers Amen to a blessing
No one knows
Question 2. In the Talmud, the vital sign distinguishing life and death is
the heart beating
the ability to say the name of God
Question 3. According to Jewish law, is the morning-after pill permitted?
Yes, because the fertilized egg does not count as a pregnancy until 40 days have passed
Yes, because the fetus is not viable on its own, and thus doesn't count as a person
No, because all forms of abortion are prohibited
No, because abortions have to be performed by specially trained Jewish doctors in order for them to be sanctioned by halakhah
Question 4. True or false: Judaism sees the termination of a pregnancy as murder.
Question 5. True or false: In some situations, Jewish law actually requires a woman to have an abortion.
Question 6. True or false: In recent years, some liberal rabbis have suggested that active euthanasia be permitted in certain cases where the pain experienced by a terminally ill patient diminishes his/her ability to live in the image of God.
Question 7. What is the rabbinic position on stem cell research?
The majority of contemporary halakhic authorities sanction it
The majority of contemporary halakhic authorities prohibit it
It is prohibited because equally good cells can be gathered from an umbilical chord
It was forbidden by the rabbis of the Talmud, but has been permitted by contemporary Orthodox authorities
Question 8. According to Jewish law, is therapeutic genetic engineering and gene manipulation sanctioned?
It is sanctioned because it may help save lives in the future
It is prohibited, because it does not help save lives in the present
Is it prohibited because it is tampering with God's work
It is sanctioned because it is fixing God's mistakes
Question 9. According to Jewish law, the permissibility for a healthy person to donate an organ (such as a kidney) is dependent on what?
Whether or not one is a priest
Whether or not one is a religiously observant person
The risk of the procedure
Whether or not the recipient is a religiously observant Jew
Question 10. The concept of a surrogate mother is introduced in the Bible with which characters?
Hagar and Sarah
Hannah and Peninah
Rachel and Leah