Jewish Bioethics QuizWhen Jewish thinkers consider issues like euthanasia, abortion, and organ donation, they articulate diverse positions on the relationship between Jewish law, Jewish ethics, and secular ethics. How much do you know about Jewish bioethics?
Question 1. According to Jewish law, actively hastening the death of a dying person is akin to what?
Putting a stumbling block in front of a blind person
Question 2. According to Jewish law, when does a fetus acquire the rights of a person?
When it is conceived
When its movements are perceptible by the mother
When it reaches its due date
When it is born
Question 3. What is the rabbinic position on stem cell research?
The majority of contemporary halakhic authorities sanction it
The majority of contemporary halakhic authorities prohibit it
It is prohibited because equally good cells can be gathered from an umbilical chord
It was forbidden by the rabbis of the Talmud, but has been permitted by contemporary Orthodox authorities
Question 4. From a Jewish perspective, what is the best way of screening for genetic diseases?
No screening is allowed at any point
Question 5. True or False: There is a case of genetic engineering in the Bible.
Question 6. According to most traditional Jewish authorities, who is legally considered the father of a child born via donor sperm?
The man who raises the child
The man who provides the sperm
They are both considered fathers of the child
The child is considered to have no father
Question 7. According to traditional Jewish sources, when does death occur?
When the heart stops beating
When breathing totally and irreversibly ceases
When a person says the Shema and closes his/her eyes for the last time
Any of the above
Question 8. According to the Talmud, when does a soul enter a baby's body?
After the first trimester
When the child first answers Amen to a blessing
No one knows
Question 9. According to Jewish law, which of the following is true of abortion?
Life begins at conception, so abortion is tantamount to murder
Traditional Jewish law does not consider a fetus to be a human being
If a woman's life is endangered by her pregnancy she still must have the baby
Abortion is permissible under all circumstances; the rabbis did not claim ownership over women's bodies
Question 10. True or false: In some situations, Jewish law actually requires a woman to have an abortion.