Jewish Bioethics QuizWhen Jewish thinkers consider issues like euthanasia, abortion, and organ donation, they articulate diverse positions on the relationship between Jewish law, Jewish ethics, and secular ethics. How much do you know about Jewish bioethics?
Question 1. In the Talmud, the vital sign distinguishing life and death is
the heart beating
the ability to say the name of God
Question 2. According to Jewish law, which of the following is true of abortion?
Life begins at conception, so abortion is tantamount to murder
Traditional Jewish law does not consider a fetus to be a human being
If a woman's life is endangered by her pregnancy she still must have the baby
Abortion is permissible under all circumstances; the rabbis did not claim ownership over women's bodies
Question 3. Nazis claimed that
Jews were predisposed toward breast cancer
Jews were predisposed to be very smart
Jews were genetically inferior to non-Jews
Jews all wanted to be blond
Question 4. True or false: Jewish law always forbids organ donation.
Question 5. True or False: All Jews are pro-choice.
Question 6. According to some Orthodox rabbinic authorities there is concern that the use of donor sperm to impregnate a woman who was having trouble conceiving would constitute what?
Question 7. True or False: There is a case of genetic engineering in the Bible.
Question 8. The concept of a surrogate mother is introduced in the Bible with which characters?
Hagar and Sarah
Hannah and Peninah
Rachel and Leah
Question 9. According to Jewish law, the permissibility for a healthy person to donate an organ (such as a kidney) is dependent on what?
Whether or not one is a priest
Whether or not one is a religiously observant person
The risk of the procedure
Whether or not the recipient is a religiously observant Jew
Question 10. What is the one principle that can be singled out for its prominence in Jewish bioethical discourse?
God is at the center of all decision making
There is a duty to save and preserve human life wherever possible
Preventing pain is the most important factor in all medical decisions
Both A and C