Jewish Bioethics QuizWhen Jewish thinkers consider issues like euthanasia, abortion, and organ donation, they articulate diverse positions on the relationship between Jewish law, Jewish ethics, and secular ethics. How much do you know about Jewish bioethics?
Question 1. According to Jewish law, is the morning-after pill permitted?
Yes, because the fertilized egg does not count as a pregnancy until 40 days have passed
Yes, because the fetus is not viable on its own, and thus doesn't count as a person
No, because all forms of abortion are prohibited
No, because abortions have to be performed by specially trained Jewish doctors in order for them to be sanctioned by halakhah
Question 2. From a Jewish perspective, what is the best way of screening for genetic diseases?
No screening is allowed at any point
Question 3. Couples should be genetically screened
Before they get married
In the week after they get married
After they have conceived a child
Between their first and second children
Question 4. Which Jewish tenet overrides all others in the debate regarding whether organ donation should be permissible acccording to Jewish law?
Saving a life
Love your neighbor like yourself
Question 5. What is the one principle that can be singled out for its prominence in Jewish bioethical discourse?
God is at the center of all decision making
There is a duty to save and preserve human life wherever possible
Preventing pain is the most important factor in all medical decisions
Both A and C
Question 6. BRCA1 and BRCA2 are
Lung diseases common in Sephardic families
Asthma conditions common in the Hasidic community
Breast cancer genes commonly found in Jewish women
Screening procedures for Jewish genetic diseases
Question 7. The traditional Jewish principle guiding end-of-life decisions is that nothing can be done to hasten death, but _____________ can be removed.
Anything that hindrances death
Feeding tubes and IVs
Medications other than those that combat pain
Question 8. According to Jewish law, actively hastening the death of a dying person is akin to what?
Putting a stumbling block in front of a blind person
Question 9. True or False: There is a case of genetic engineering in the Bible.
Question 10. According to Jewish law, which of the following is true of abortion?
Life begins at conception, so abortion is tantamount to murder
Traditional Jewish law does not consider a fetus to be a human being
If a woman's life is endangered by her pregnancy she still must have the baby
Abortion is permissible under all circumstances; the rabbis did not claim ownership over women's bodies