My Jewish Learning

Jewish Bioethics Quiz

When Jewish thinkers consider issues like euthanasia, abortion, and organ donation, they articulate diverse positions on the relationship between Jewish law, Jewish ethics, and secular ethics. How much do you know about Jewish bioethics?



Question 1. In the Talmud, the vital sign distinguishing life and death is
 the heart beating
 breathing
 speaking
 the ability to say the name of God

 

Question 2. According to Jewish law, the permissibility for a healthy person to donate an organ (such as a kidney) is dependent on what?
 Whether or not one is a priest
 Whether or not one is a religiously observant person
 The risk of the procedure
 Whether or not the recipient is a religiously observant Jew

 

Question 3. Which of these legal and ethical issues are still up for debate among Jewish authorities?
 If several people need a given organ, how do we decide who gets priority?
 Can organs be sold?
 Can organs be used without permission?
 All of these
 None of these

 

Question 4. Nazis claimed that
 Jews were predisposed toward breast cancer
 Jews were predisposed to be very smart
 Jews were genetically inferior to non-Jews
 Jews all wanted to be blond

 

Question 5. According to some Orthodox rabbinic authorities there is concern that the use of donor sperm to impregnate a woman who was having trouble conceiving would constitute what?
 Stealing
 Murder
 Adultery
 Impurity

 

Question 6. True or false: In recent years, some liberal rabbis have suggested that active euthanasia be permitted in certain cases where the pain experienced by a terminally ill patient diminishes his/her ability to live in the image of God.
 True
 False

 

Question 7. True or False: There is a case of genetic engineering in the Bible.
 True
 False

 

Question 8. The concept of a surrogate mother is introduced in the Bible with which characters?
 Hagar and Sarah
 Hannah and Peninah
 Rachel and Leah
 Lot's Daughters

 

Question 9. From a Jewish perspective, what is the best way of screening for genetic diseases?
 Carrier screening
 Pre-implantation screening
 Prenatal testing
 No screening is allowed at any point

 

Question 10. The traditional Jewish principle guiding end-of-life decisions is that nothing can be done to hasten death, but _____________ can be removed.
 Anything that hindrances death
 Feeding tubes and IVs
 Medications other than those that combat pain
 Unpleasant odors