Jewish Bioethics QuizWhen Jewish thinkers consider issues like euthanasia, abortion, and organ donation, they articulate diverse positions on the relationship between Jewish law, Jewish ethics, and secular ethics. How much do you know about Jewish bioethics?
Question 1. In the Talmud, the vital sign distinguishing life and death is
the heart beating
the ability to say the name of God
Question 2. According to Jewish law, the permissibility for a healthy person to donate an organ (such as a kidney) is dependent on what?
Whether or not one is a priest
Whether or not one is a religiously observant person
The risk of the procedure
Whether or not the recipient is a religiously observant Jew
Question 3. Which of these legal and ethical issues are still up for debate among Jewish authorities?
If several people need a given organ, how do we decide who gets priority?
Can organs be sold?
Can organs be used without permission?
All of these
None of these
Question 4. Nazis claimed that
Jews were predisposed toward breast cancer
Jews were predisposed to be very smart
Jews were genetically inferior to non-Jews
Jews all wanted to be blond
Question 5. According to some Orthodox rabbinic authorities there is concern that the use of donor sperm to impregnate a woman who was having trouble conceiving would constitute what?
Question 6. True or false: In recent years, some liberal rabbis have suggested that active euthanasia be permitted in certain cases where the pain experienced by a terminally ill patient diminishes his/her ability to live in the image of God.
Question 7. True or False: There is a case of genetic engineering in the Bible.
Question 8. The concept of a surrogate mother is introduced in the Bible with which characters?
Hagar and Sarah
Hannah and Peninah
Rachel and Leah
Question 9. From a Jewish perspective, what is the best way of screening for genetic diseases?
No screening is allowed at any point
Question 10. The traditional Jewish principle guiding end-of-life decisions is that nothing can be done to hasten death, but _____________ can be removed.
Anything that hindrances death
Feeding tubes and IVs
Medications other than those that combat pain