Jewish Bioethics QuizWhen Jewish thinkers consider issues like euthanasia, abortion, and organ donation, they articulate diverse positions on the relationship between Jewish law, Jewish ethics, and secular ethics. How much do you know about Jewish bioethics?
Question 1. According to Jewish law, the permissibility for a healthy person to donate an organ (such as a kidney) is dependent on what?
Whether or not one is a priest
Whether or not one is a religiously observant person
The risk of the procedure
Whether or not the recipient is a religiously observant Jew
Question 2. In the Talmud, the vital sign distinguishing life and death is
the heart beating
the ability to say the name of God
Question 3. According to Jewish law, actively hastening the death of a dying person is akin to what?
Putting a stumbling block in front of a blind person
Question 4. True or false: In some situations, Jewish law actually requires a woman to have an abortion.
Question 5. True or False: All Jews are pro-choice.
Question 6. According to Jewish law, is therapeutic genetic engineering and gene manipulation sanctioned?
It is sanctioned because it may help save lives in the future
It is prohibited, because it does not help save lives in the present
Is it prohibited because it is tampering with God's work
It is sanctioned because it is fixing God's mistakes
Question 7. Nazis claimed that
Jews were predisposed toward breast cancer
Jews were predisposed to be very smart
Jews were genetically inferior to non-Jews
Jews all wanted to be blond
Question 8. The traditional Jewish principle guiding end-of-life decisions is that nothing can be done to hasten death, but _____________ can be removed.
Anything that hindrances death
Feeding tubes and IVs
Medications other than those that combat pain
Question 9. According to traditional Jewish sources, when does death occur?
When the heart stops beating
When breathing totally and irreversibly ceases
When a person says the Shema and closes his/her eyes for the last time
Any of the above
Question 10. The concept of a surrogate mother is introduced in the Bible with which characters?
Hagar and Sarah
Hannah and Peninah
Rachel and Leah