My Jewish Learning

Jewish Bioethics Quiz

When Jewish thinkers consider issues like euthanasia, abortion, and organ donation, they articulate diverse positions on the relationship between Jewish law, Jewish ethics, and secular ethics. How much do you know about Jewish bioethics?



Question 1. True or false: Judaism sees the termination of a pregnancy as murder.
 True
 False

 

Question 2. Which of these legal and ethical issues are still up for debate among Jewish authorities?
 If several people need a given organ, how do we decide who gets priority?
 Can organs be sold?
 Can organs be used without permission?
 All of these
 None of these

 

Question 3. True or false: In some situations, Jewish law actually requires a woman to have an abortion.
 True
 False

 

Question 4. True or False: All Jews are pro-choice.
 True
 False

 

Question 5. True or false: The Jewish community has a poor track record of post-mortem organ donation.
 True
 False

 

Question 6. According to Jewish law, which of the following is true of abortion?
 Life begins at conception, so abortion is tantamount to murder
 Traditional Jewish law does not consider a fetus to be a human being
 If a woman's life is endangered by her pregnancy she still must have the baby
 Abortion is permissible under all circumstances; the rabbis did not claim ownership over women's bodies

 

Question 7. In the Talmud, the vital sign distinguishing life and death is
 the heart beating
 breathing
 speaking
 the ability to say the name of God

 

Question 8. Which of the following denominations allow organ donation?
 Reform
 Conservative
 Modern Orthodox
 Reconstructionist
 All of the above

 

Question 9. According to Jewish law, the permissibility for a healthy person to donate an organ (such as a kidney) is dependent on what?
 Whether or not one is a priest
 Whether or not one is a religiously observant person
 The risk of the procedure
 Whether or not the recipient is a religiously observant Jew

 

Question 10. Nazis claimed that
 Jews were predisposed toward breast cancer
 Jews were predisposed to be very smart
 Jews were genetically inferior to non-Jews
 Jews all wanted to be blond