My Jewish Learning

Jewish Bioethics Quiz

When Jewish thinkers consider issues like euthanasia, abortion, and organ donation, they articulate diverse positions on the relationship between Jewish law, Jewish ethics, and secular ethics. How much do you know about Jewish bioethics?



Question 1. According to most traditional Jewish authorities, who is legally considered the father of a child born via donor sperm?
 The man who raises the child
 The man who provides the sperm
 They are both considered fathers of the child
 The child is considered to have no father

 

Question 2. True or false: In recent years, some liberal rabbis have suggested that active euthanasia be permitted in certain cases where the pain experienced by a terminally ill patient diminishes his/her ability to live in the image of God.
 True
 False

 

Question 3. BRCA1 and BRCA2 are
 Lung diseases common in Sephardic families
 Asthma conditions common in the Hasidic community
 Breast cancer genes commonly found in Jewish women
 Screening procedures for Jewish genetic diseases

 

Question 4. In the Talmud, the vital sign distinguishing life and death is
 the heart beating
 breathing
 speaking
 the ability to say the name of God

 

Question 5. Which of the following biblical characters seems to have requested an assisted suicide?
 Adam
 Moses
 Joshua
 Saul

 

Question 6. True or false: Jewish law always forbids organ donation.
 True
 False

 

Question 7. True or False: There is a case of genetic engineering in the Bible.
 True
 False

 

Question 8. Which of the following denominations allow organ donation?
 Reform
 Conservative
 Modern Orthodox
 Reconstructionist
 All of the above

 

Question 9. According to Jewish law, is the morning-after pill permitted?
 Yes, because the fertilized egg does not count as a pregnancy until 40 days have passed
 Yes, because the fetus is not viable on its own, and thus doesn't count as a person
 No, because all forms of abortion are prohibited
 No, because abortions have to be performed by specially trained Jewish doctors in order for them to be sanctioned by halakhah

 

Question 10. According to the Talmud, when does a soul enter a baby's body?
 At conception
 After the first trimester
 When the child first answers Amen to a blessing
 No one knows