Jewish Bioethics QuizWhen Jewish thinkers consider issues like euthanasia, abortion, and organ donation, they articulate diverse positions on the relationship between Jewish law, Jewish ethics, and secular ethics. How much do you know about Jewish bioethics?
Question 1. According to Jewish law, the permissibility for a healthy person to donate an organ (such as a kidney) is dependent on what?
Whether or not one is a priest
Whether or not one is a religiously observant person
The risk of the procedure
Whether or not the recipient is a religiously observant Jew
Question 2. True or False: There is a case of genetic engineering in the Bible.
Question 3. The traditional Jewish principle guiding end-of-life decisions is that nothing can be done to hasten death, but _____________ can be removed.
Anything that hindrances death
Feeding tubes and IVs
Medications other than those that combat pain
Question 4. What is the rabbinic position on stem cell research?
The majority of contemporary halakhic authorities sanction it
The majority of contemporary halakhic authorities prohibit it
It is prohibited because equally good cells can be gathered from an umbilical chord
It was forbidden by the rabbis of the Talmud, but has been permitted by contemporary Orthodox authorities
Question 5. BRCA1 and BRCA2 are
Lung diseases common in Sephardic families
Asthma conditions common in the Hasidic community
Breast cancer genes commonly found in Jewish women
Screening procedures for Jewish genetic diseases
Question 6. According to Jewish law, when does a fetus acquire the rights of a person?
When it is conceived
When its movements are perceptible by the mother
When it reaches its due date
When it is born
Question 7. According to Jewish law, is the morning-after pill permitted?
Yes, because the fertilized egg does not count as a pregnancy until 40 days have passed
Yes, because the fetus is not viable on its own, and thus doesn't count as a person
No, because all forms of abortion are prohibited
No, because abortions have to be performed by specially trained Jewish doctors in order for them to be sanctioned by halakhah
Question 8. Which Jewish tenet overrides all others in the debate regarding whether organ donation should be permissible acccording to Jewish law?
Saving a life
Love your neighbor like yourself
Question 9. What is the one principle that can be singled out for its prominence in Jewish bioethical discourse?
God is at the center of all decision making
There is a duty to save and preserve human life wherever possible
Preventing pain is the most important factor in all medical decisions
Both A and C
Question 10. True or false: In some situations, Jewish law actually requires a woman to have an abortion.