Torah Scroll

Scribal arts and sacred texts.

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A Nascent Movement

The Bible mentions "families of scribes" (I Chronicles 2:5), which were probably schools and guilds where an individual learned through apprenticeship. Modern scribes also learn through individual apprenticeship and receive certification through a professional organization. Interestingly, this is mirrored today in a nascent informal movement of traditionalist women learning this sacred craft secretly and teaching it to each other. This widening of the circle of scribes indicates its central importance for modern Judaism.

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Michal Shekel

Rabbi Michal Shekel is the executive director of the Toronto Board of Rabbis and has served as a congregational rabbi in the United States and Canada. She is also one of the original editors of the holiday section of