Lifecycle Ritual 101

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Contemporary Issues

The past three decades have seen a surge in innovation in Jewish lifecycle ritual, through the creation of new ceremonies and the re-shaping of ancient ones. One of the most significant factors influencing these developments has been the impact of Jewish feminism, with its focus on women’s participation in Jewish life and on how ritual can be used to adequately mark the moments in Jewish women's lives. There is also a renewed attention to aspects of life--for women and men--which are underplayed or unmarked in Jewish practice: For example, rituals and prayers of healing, and expanded ceremonies around divorce.

growing manThe issue of how to define who is Jewish (and thus entitled to--and responsible for--full participation in lifecycle ceremonies) is a longstanding one; recent years have seen a more intense focus on this question.  This is in large measure an outgrowth of the fact of Jewish pluralism, with movements’ (and rabbis’) different standards for conversion, attitudes toward intermarriage, and views on the relationship between one’s parentage and one’s Jewish status. Contemporary Jewish communities deal differently with the complex issues of participation, rights and responsibilities that are provoked by questions of Jewish status.

In Practice

While Jewish clergy (rabbis and cantors) often facilitate Jewish lifecycle ceremonies, in most cases no particular individual is technically required  to "perform" or preside over a lifecycle ritual or event.There is much diversity in attitudes toward acceptable roles for non-Jews in Jewish lifecycle ceremonies; while in traditional communities non-Jews usually only attend as guests, in liberal communities non-Jewish family members and friends may have a more central role. Lifecycle events are often marked with an appropriate contribution of tzedakah (righteous giving), or involvement in a social action or social justice project of relevance to the event and of interest to its participants.

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