The Camp David Accords

An examination of the causes and consequences of the Camp David Accords.

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As a result of all these negotiations, in 1979, Menachem Begin and Anwar Sadat received the Nobel Peace Prize.

The peace treaty between Egypt and Israel had tremendous ramifications for the two countries. Although Egypt got back the Sinai with its rich oil fields, she was ostracized for almost a decade by the other Arab nations as a traitor. Anwar Sadat was assassinated on October 6, 1981, by Muslim fundamentalists. His successor, Hosni Mubarak, vowed to keep the peace treaty.

Israel lost its prime source of oil and had to return to a boundary that was less secure. Most significant, Israeli settlers had created a community in northern Sinai on the Mediterranean, Yamit. One of the terms of the peace treaty was Israel's returning that land to Egypt. Riots broke out as the settlers refused to leave, and the Israeli army had to be called in to force the evacuation. Yamit was totally bulldozed, leaving Egypt with desert sand, but tremendous bitterness was created among the settlers, who felt that they had been betrayed. The return of Yamit to Egypt provided Israel's right‑wing groups with a rallying point.

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