Mideast Peace: A Road Map

A U.S.-led effort to stem the violence that dominates Israeli-Palestinian relations.

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On Aug. 13, 2003, a suicide bomber blew up a Jerusalem bus carrying observant Jews returning the Western Wall, killing 21, many of them small children. This terrorist action, for which both Islamic Jihad and Hamas claimed responsibility, seemed to some Israeli leaders to confirm what they had been saying all along: Without firm action to eradicate entirely the infrastructure of militant Islamic organizations, there can be no peace. If the Palestinian Authority will not take action against the militants, many felt Israel should do so. Israel announced that it would hunt down the leaders of the Islamic groups, leading those organizations to declare an end to the hudna. As the summer of 2003 came to a close, the Road Map to peace appeared as blocked as ever.

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Ziv Hellman is a Jerusalem-based writer and mathematician. A former editor at the Jerusalem Post, Ziv was a founding member of Peace Watch--the watchdog group reporting on the implementation of the Oslo Agreements. He also led the Israeli elections observer team evaluating the Palestinian Authority elections.