Humanity's Relationship With Nature
Lessons from the Torah
Many Tu Bishvat haggadot (books detailing the liturgy and rituals of the seder) draw on biblical texts to teach about humanity's connection with nature, the land of Israel, and ultimately, humanity's relationship with God. At times there is an interconnection. For example, the promise of abundance in the land of Israel is based on following God's will. The following selections are just a taste of what is found in the Torah on the subject of humanity and nature. The Torah translations are reprinted with permission from Tanakh: The Holy Scriptures, published by the Jewish Publication Society.
God Created Humanity To Rule Over the Earth
God said, "Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. They shall rule the fish of the sea, the birds of the sky, the cattle, the whole earth, and all the creeping things that creep on earth." And God created man in His image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them. God blessed them and God said to them, "Be fertile and increase, fill the earth and master it; and rule the fish of the sea, the birds of the sky, and all the living things that creep on earth."
God said, "See, I give you every seed-bearing plant that is upon all the earth, and every tree that has seed-bearing fruit; they shall be yours for food. And to all the animals on land, to all the birds of the sky, and to everything that creeps on earth, in which there is the breath of life, [I give] all the green plants for food." And it was so. And God saw all that He had made, and found it very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.
-- Genesis 1:26-31
Commentary on Genesis 1:26, 28
1:26: The term "rule" is the rule of a master over a servant.
1:28: Master it: God gave them power to rule over the land to do as they wish with the cattle and the reptiles, and all that creeps in the dust, to build and to "uproot the planted," and from the hills to mine copper, and so on.
-- Nachmanides, commentary on Genesis, chapter 1. Rabbi Moshe ben Nachman (1194-1270), known as Nachmanides, was a Spanish rabbi, poet, philosopher, and physician.
Humanity's First Encounter With a Tree
The LORD God planted a garden in Eden, in the east, and placed there the man whom He had formed. And from the ground the LORD God caused to grow every tree that was pleasing to the sight and good for food, with the tree of life in the middle of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and bad.
The LORD God took the man and placed him in the garden of Eden, to till it and tend it. And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, "Of every tree of the garden you are free to eat; but as for the tree of knowledge of good and bad, you must not eat of it; for as soon as you eat of it, you shall die."