Fast Days: Synagogue Laws & Customs
Fast days are acknowledged in the synagogue liturgy.
This is followed by a Torah reading, to which three persons are called up, from the section dealing with God's pardoning the people for the sin of the Golden Calf (Exodus 32:11-14; 34:1-10). In many communities, it is customary for the congregants to recite aloud the verse "Turn from Your wrath. . ." (Exodus 32:13), the Thirteen Attributes of Mercy, and the phrase "And pardon our iniquity, our sin, and take us for Your inheritance," and for the reader to repeat these words after them. After the Torah reading, the service is concluded as usual for weekdays.
In the Land of Israel, there are those who wear Tallit and Tefillin at Minhah (the afternoon prayer) especially among the Oriental communities. …A Torah scroll is taken out, and the same portion is read as in Shaharit.
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