The Hasmonean Dynasty
Their rule falls short of expectations.
The Hasmoneans' early triumphs were soon shadowed by their corruption. Due to the unpopularity of its founders, Hanukkah itself came to be largely ignored within a few decades after its origins. Then when Rome's crushing power began to be felt in Palestine, the people recognized in Hanukkah a message of hope that new Maccabees would rise and independence would be restored. The holiday came to be seen in an entirely different light.
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