Sally Priesand: First American Female Rabbi
Today in Jewish History: June 3, 1972
Sally Priesand made history on June 3, 1972, when she was ordained by Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion (HUC-JIR), becoming the first female rabbi in American history and the first woman to be ordained by a rabbinical seminary.
Priesand, who grew up in Cleveland, was the first of a number of women who had studied at Hebrew Union College to make her way all the way to ordination. She continued in the rabbinical program after completing the joint undergraduate degree offered by HUC-JIR with the University of Cincinnati, receiving important support along the way from the HUC-JIR president, Nelson Glueck.
Priesand faced both opposition and derision during her training. Initially, many of her classmates and teachers believed that her quest for ordination was only a "passing fancy" and that she was really in rabbinical school in search of a husband. Later, some congregations refused to accept her as a student rabbi in their pulpits. The Dean of the College worried publicly about how Priesand would fulfill her rabbinic duties while raising children. Ironically, perhaps, Priesand eventually decided that to fill her chosen role effectively, she would not be able to raise a family of her own.
Priesand proved her doubters wrong. Upon graduation, she secured a post as assistant rabbi at the Stephen Wise Free Synagogue in Manhattan, considered one of the premier reform synagogues in the country, with some 750 families. She served that congregation, as assistant and associate rabbi, for seven years.
In 1979, however, Priesand left Stephen Wise when she realized that she would not be chosen to succeed the ailing senior rabbi. It was a disappointment for Priesand, who had always believed that her "ability, sincerity, and dedication" would outweigh her gender if she did a competent job. She told the New York Times that she had learned that "competence and commitment are enough for a man, but not for a woman." In the wake of her departure from Stephen Wise, Priesand began to speak more publicly about the need for the Reform movement to more actively support women in the rabbinate.
Despite her symbolic role as the first woman rabbi, Priesand did not start on the rabbinical path as an outspoken advocate of women's issues. As a rabbinical student, she said that although she thought the feminist movement was "important," she was "not an active supporter of women's lib." However, she did write her rabbinical thesis on women's roles within Judaism, and, beginning in 1979, she actively pushed the Reform movement to supplement its spoken support of female rabbis with actions that would further their acceptance by congregations. In particular, she advocated for the hiring of female faculty at HUC-JIR, and the addition of women to the movement's various governing boards.
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