Joseph Herman Hertz

Orthodox rabbi best known for his edition of the chumash.

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In the book, Hertz is prepared to accept the theory of evolution; sees no dogma involved in the suggestion that the second part of Isaiah was composed by an unknown prophet during the exile; and quotes an opinion that the plague of darkness in Egypt was caused by a partial eclipse of the sun. Yet his attitude towards biblical criticism proper is very one-sided.

With great zest he sets up supposedly critical views in order to demolish them, so that his work has to be seen more as an exercise in apologetics than as one of objective scholarship. Reform rabbis saw the work as too Orthodox, Orthodox rabbis as too Reform. But Hertz was disturbed neither by critics of the Pentateuch nor by his own critics and went on his way undaunted.

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Rabbi Louis Jacobs

Rabbi Dr. Louis Jacobs (1920-2006) was a Masorti rabbi, the first leader of Masorti Judaism (also known as Conservative Judaism) in the United Kingdom, and a leading writer and thinker on Judaism.