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musar

In biblical Hebrew, the word is used variously to mean punishment or chastisement and instruction. Later it came to signify morals, ethics and moral instruction. During the middle ages a distinct branch of literature emerged, known as 'musar literature'. It dealt with moral and ethical matters. In the modern world the word has connotations of sermonizing and denotes a type of literature of edification.


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Reprinted with permission from A Concise Encyclopedia of Judaism,
by Dan Cohn-Sherbok
.© Oneworld Publications.