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Aaron  (?13th century bce)

Brother of Moses, as whose spokesman he served in Moses' confrontation with Pharaoh. Nonetheless, when Moses ascended Mount Sinai and failed to return, Aaron was induced to make a golden calf to mollify the people. Once the Temple was constructed, Aaron and his sons were installed as priests and charged to oversee the cult. At the age of 123 Aaron died on Mount Hor, situated on the border of Edom. According to rabbinic sources, he is the personification of piety and peace. (See also Aaronides.)


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Reprinted with permission from A Concise Encyclopedia of Judaism,
by Dan Cohn-Sherbok
.© Oneworld Publications.